The Ins and Outs of Caring for Small Dog Breeds

Small dog breeds can be a lot of fun. Puppies are wonderful, they just require time and effort to teach them how to correctly act. If you live in a small home or apartment, a small dog breed can be exactly what you need. There are just some general rules that you need to follow to be sure that you have a happy and healthy dog.


From an early age, you need to be sure that you set a feeding schedule for your dog and stick to it. Over time, your dog will come to understand when it is feeding time based on the day. Your dog will appreciate being able to understand a routine. It will also make things much easier on you. There are many different factors that can determine feeding for small dog breeds. Things such as size, age, and breed can affect eating habits.

Also, if your dog is highly active, they will require more food. Do not give your dog human food. Table scraps aren’t a good idea either. There are several different foods that we love that can actually be very harmful to dogs. Chocolate can affect a dog’s health based on the amount consumed compared to size. So it would not take much chocolate to be harmful to a pup.

Researching Your Dog’s Breed

A good starting place would be to do some research on your dog. You need to know some of the more basic information associated with characteristics that are unique to small dog breeds. Usually, certain breeds are more likely to possess the same temperament as most others within that same breed. There can be grooming habits that are specific to a given breed. Some breeds are also more likely to have certain health issues than others.


Your dog’s water bowl should never be empty. You also need to be sure to change out the water in your dog’s bowl very often. You probably wouldn’t want to drink something that has been sitting out all day, so change the water for your dog as well. If there is food in the water, change it out. Small pup breeds require plenty of fresh water.

Keep “Treats” as a Specialty

Try not to abuse treats with your dog. Use them as a way to positively reinforce behavior, and to teach your dog. Treats aren’t a bad thing, but too much of anything can harm your dog. If you aren’t careful, treats can add weight to a small dog’s frame very quickly. Miniature dogs can’t handle the added stress to their bodies.

Sleep Environment

At a young age, it would probably be good to crate your furry friend. This will help cut down on the number of accidents that you may encounter as you teach your dog. They are much less likely to urinate in their crate. That being said, you need to be sure they aren’t left in a crate for a long period of time. Be sure that you create a comfortable sleep environment for your dog. Smaller dogs enjoy a heating pad under a blanket. Small pup breeds are likely to sleep more than others.

Regular Check-Ups

Be sure that you allow your dog to visit the veterinarian regularly. This can cut down on a lot of health issues that may arise over time. The vet can help keep track of small dog breeds’ vital signs over time. Smaller dogs are also more likely to become injured because their bones and joints are much more fragile than larger dogs.


Your dog may be the type that requires grooming often. If you own the type of small dog that has a lot of hair, it may be a good idea to take your dog to a professional groomer. Certain breeds of small dogs require things such as this in order to keep them healthy. This includes bathing your dog. They should be bathed at least once a month, if not more than this.

Also, keep a close eye on the length of your dog’s nails, and don’t be afraid you brush your dog’s teeth. This can cut down on some major health issues for them.


There are many different ways to ensure that your dog is able to exercise. You can take them for walks. You can play with them in your home. You can even purchase toys or treats that your dog can play with so that it receives exercise. Any way you choose, just be sure that your dog gets some exercise. As a small dog, it will be easy to gain unnecessary weight, which can cause health issues very quickly.

Small dogs can be wonderful companions. They can be fun to raise, and it can be fun to watch them grow up. Small dogs simply require some additional attention that the larger ones don’t necessarily need. Smaller dogs are much more likely to become injured. You need to watch them closely to be sure that they remain healthy as well.


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