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COVID-19 cases are now at over two million worldwide. Elderly and patients with an existing health condition are said to be at higher risk of contracting illnesses more easily. The human body naturally hosts and travels with several pathogens including viruses that consequently lead to disease and possibly death. Coronavirus is transmitted when you come into contact with contaminated droplets from an infected person. When the droplets settle on any surfaces, they remain active and contagious for several days. The CDC has advised on several measures that should be taken to curb the spread of viruses such as washing our hands regularly, wearing protective face masks and gloves, and maintaining social distancing. But, how can you protect yourself from the next outbreak? Here is how you can achieve that.

Work on Proper Hands Hygiene

Our skins are the biggest carrier of viruses and bacteria and you can easily pass them to the next person whenever you shake their hand. It’s hard to spot these bacteria and viruses since they are very tiny, plus they can be present even if your skin looks clean. Washing hands regularly might sound simple, but it can help prevent the transmission of infection from one person to another.

To ensure that your hands are thoroughly clean, use soap and clean them for at least 20 seconds. Ensure you wash your hands before eating, after using the bathroom, and after coughing or sneezing. If you don’t have access to soap and water, using an alcohol-based sanitizer could be your best option. Always carry your sanitizer to ensure you maintain proper hygiene.

Stay Informed

Be aware of any outbreak as soon as it’s reported. Immediately an outbreak is reported, take measures to avoid contracting it. Gather information on how the virus is transmitted from one person to another. If the virus is airborne, you should avoid crowded areas. Also, don’t assume that if no cases have been reported in your area, then you’re safe. Remember, not every information out there is to be trusted because there is a lot of fake news floating around on social media. Visiting trusted sources like the World Health Organization’s page is the only way you can distinguish fake news from the truth.

Eat Healthy

One way of boosting your immune system is by eating right. Eating well-balanced meals leads to a healthy microbiome, which leads to a healthy immune system that can easily fight off infections. Take the Mediterranean diet, for example, it’s said to be a very healthy diet, especially when combined with vitamin D supplements. A proper diet increases the number of circulating immune cells like T-cells. Also, increase your intake of fermented foods like miso, sauerkraut, yogurt, and kefir. These are probiotic foods that feed the good bacteria in your gut. Note that the WHO prohibits excessive alcohol consumption and smoking as they have a negative impact on the immune system.

Avoid Coughing and Sneezing into Your Hands

Yes, we are told to cover our mouth whenever we sneeze or cough, plus it’s something that we do out of good manners. However, this goes beyond that, you should always avoid coughing or sneezing into your hands as much as possible. Whenever you cough or sneeze into your hands, you’re potentially transferring bacteria or viruses onto the hands. Those bacteria and viruses can spread to other surfaces you touch, meaning you risk passing them to other people. Cough or sneeze into a tissue, then throw it away and remember to wash your hands.

Using Animal Control to Prevent the Outbreak of Infections

Mice and rats are known to spread pathogens easily to human beings since they look for hideouts near homes. Rodents harbor numerous viruses and infections. You can avoid contacting viruses from such animals by keeping food and garbage covered, sealing holes and cracks in your home to deter rodent access, and clearing bushes and junk away from your home. Ensure your pets are vaccinated and cleaned regularly as well.

Conclusion

The WHO reported that the COVID-19 outbreak will have both psychological and physical impacts. We must learn how to cope with it and it’s normal to feel sad, confused, stressed, and angry during a crisis. Look for things that make you happy and draw strength from past experience to help you manage your emotions during this challenging time of the outbreak. Otherwise, stay at home and maintain self-isolation, especially if you experience any minor symptoms like cough, fever, and headache until you recover. If you must leave the house, wear a face mask to avoid infecting others.

All images by Shutterstock

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