Herbs A-Z | Historic Uses

There are a lot of different herbs that grow naturally and have many medicinal uses. The following list isn’t exhaustive and doesn’t provide all of the herbs in the world.

Herbs and Their Uses


Aconite is praised as an effective herbal treatment for ailments such as immune deficiency, heart palpitations, anxiety, insomnia, fevers, labor pains, and more.

Alfalfa leaves provide digestion benefits, including clearing out your tract. It’s beneficial for arthritis as well since it lowers fluid retention.

Aloe Vera is commonly used for cosmetic purposes, as well as being an effective herbal medicine. It is used to assist with digestion health, hair loss, boost the immune system, detoxification, alkalizing the blood, and so much more.

Angelica Sinensis or “female ginseng” is commonly used to relieve the symptoms of menopause, pelvic pain, and other female issues such as vaginal dryness and lack of sexual desire.

Anise is an excellent source of iron, copper, potassium manganese, calcium, zinc, and magnesium. The seeds can treat a variety of health conditions, from digestion problems to low sex drive.

Apples are delightful fruits that are delicious and juicy. They provide a number of benefits, particularly when it comes to bowel irregularities. They provide diarrhea and constipation relief, as well as symptom relief for those suffering from rheumatism.

Asparagus– rich in vitamins and minerals, including vitamins A, B1, B2, B3, B6, C, E, and K, as well as phosphorus, calcium, magnesium, potassium, and zinc, asparagus improves digestion, helps balance hormones, and reduce menstruation-linked cramps, fatigue, and bloating.

Astragalus is known to effectively treat acid reflux and ulcers, as well as help lower cholesterol and blood pressure. Studies have also shown that the herb works well to improve the immune systems of those suffering from HIV or AIDS.


Bacopa is most frequently used to improve cognitive functions, due to the neuroprotective properties that it possesses.

Basil leaves aren’t only great in soups, but massively beneficial to the human body. They provide calming effects that can stop nausea and calm nerves down. On the whole, consuming this herb can boost one’s health exponentially.

Bayberry has many health and restorative properties, these include hypertensive, febrifuge, astringent, and antibacterial uses. The plant is commonly used to combat fevers, assist in fighting the flu, and poor circulation.

Beetroot contains a powerful antioxidant, betacyanin, which carries cancer-fighting and blood-purifying properties.

Bilberry is rich in antioxidants which help protect against cancer and premature aging of cells and eliminate free radicals inside the body.

Birch leaves are known as diuretics and provide massive relief for those with rheumatism symptoms and pains.

Black Cohosh is primarily used as a female reproductive medicine. The roots contain isoflavones, which combat vaginal dryness, hot flashes, and the mood swings associated with menopause.

Black Pepper contains many vitamins and minerals such as iron, manganese, potassium, vitamins C and K, and fiber. It also contains anti-inflammatory properties.

Black Walnut is a rich source of omega-3 fatty acids and various vitamins and minerals. It naturally contains anti-inflammatory properties and can soothe inflammation throughout the digestive and gastrointestinal tracts.

Blessed Thistle is commonly used by women to treat and cure an array of female-related problems, including hormonal imbalance and menstrual issues (including pain).

Borage is also known as the “cucumber herb”. The leaves of the plant are used as is a natural diuretic, to raise adrenaline levels, relieve the effects of steroid therapies, and alleviate stress. It can be mixed into hot drinks and drank to encourage detoxification.

Burdock is a rarely known root that is chock-full of iron. Burdock root is commonly added to Essiac tea. The root functions as a liver cleanser, as well as digestive system cleanser.


Calendula, commonly known as Marigold, provides numerous benefits for skin problems. The leaves and flowers can provide relief from sunburns, cramps, menstrual irregularities, gum problems, inflammation, skin conditions (like eczema) and gastritis.

Caraway has medicinal properties that aid with digestive issues that have to do with gas, heartburn, bloating, and loss of appetite.

Cardamom contains chemicals that help alleviate problems associated with the stomach. It also helps with digestion and is used to fight infections in the teeth and gum.

Catnip isn’t only for riling up your feline pal. The leaves provide relief in various digestive disorders and can force a fever out through sweating.

Catuaba’s intrinsic properties include those of antioxidants, vasodilators, immuno-stimulants, and antibacterial features. These properties work together to assist with ailments related to erectile and libido dysfunctions and fatigue.

Celery seeds help the body to retain water and prevent dehydration. They provide relief for arthritis, indigestion and other digestive problems, and muscle spasms.

Chamomile flowers can be brewed into tea, made into oils and more. They provide huge relief from stress, anxiety, and insomnia. It also treats physical conditions, like insect bites, mouth inflammation, and strained eyes.

Chasteberry is delicious and can be just the thing when you’re suffering from particularly painful and irregular menstruation. Chaste berries defend against PMS and many other hormonal imbalance problems, as well as infertility.

Chickweed is packed with a variety of nutrients and can improve kidney and liver functions.

Chives have natural antibacterial properties, good for heart health, supports the immune system, prevent osteoporosis and arthritis, and boosts eye health.

Cinnamon bark can protect against UTI, tooth decay, upset stomach, and body warming. Pregnant women, however, should take cinnamon cautiously.

Clove, both the roots and leaves, provide relief from many different digestive problems, including bloating, gas and colic. Clove can be used to create a delicious tonic tea.

Comfrey has successfully been used to treat cuts and wounds, indigestion, respiratory issues, and irritable bowel syndrome.

Cornflowers provide stomach, kidney and bladder relief from their flowers and leaves.


Dandelions are fierce weeds, however, their leaves and roots give people many benefits. Dandelions provide relief for warts, allergies and bladder issues. The weed doubles as a cleanser.


Echinacea roots do wonders on infections, the common cold, inflammation, and sore throats.

Elderflowers and berries are delicious. The berries provide relief and treatment of colds, flu and coughing. The flower itself can bring down fevers, purify the blood and clean out your cells.

Eleuthero will help your organs and muscles work at their best, ward off common viruses, lessen stress hormones, and reduce the risk of heart attack.

Eyebright is effective in treating pink eye, sinus irritations, and skin issues. It also helps improve memory.


Fennel comes with seeds and roots, both of which can be used to treat sore throats, digestive problems, and nervous stomach. However, pregnant women should not use fennel during their pregnancy.


Geranium is often used to treat shingles, diarrhea, acne, sore throat, and fungal infections.

Ginkgo Biloba leaves reduce memory loss and fight off respiratory tract conditions.

Ginger Root is used to treat morning sickness and motion sickness, as well as regular nausea and colds. It is also effective when used in detoxing programs, and for boosting your digestive system.

Ginseng, or Panax, provides many different benefits. The roots and flowers in Canadian and American Ginseng are overall good for general health. Korean Ginseng is better for men, while Siberian Ginseng is better for women. The herb improves blood circulation and lowers fatigue.

Globe Amaranth flowers look very similar to the red clover and has been known by the name Thousand Day Red. The plant is a diuretic and effectively reduces your internal temperature.

Goldenrod is generally used to treat wounds and burns, fight allergies and colds, and provide relief from toothaches.

Goldenseal helps support the gastrointestinal system, remove bacteria from the body, and fight against colds and flu.

Gotu Kola promotes mental clarity and alertness. It is also used to help balance the nervous system and alleviate stress.

Guarana contains high amounts of caffeine and is often used an energy booster. It also helps decrease muscle fatigue.


Haw is a fruit that treats those with poor appetites and lowers cholesterol.

Hibiscus flowers are rich in vitamin C, and provide relief for sore throats, flu, colds, and fatigue.

Hops may help treat arthritis, muscle pain, digestive issues, and helps to induce sleepiness and lessen the symptoms of anxiety.

Horny Goat Weed helps improve sex drive and libido is effective in treating high blood pressure, bronchitis, and balances hormones.

Horseradish contains nutrients that help support the immune system, maintain healthy blood pressure, and support the growth and repair of bones.

Horsetail is rich in a variety of vitamins and mineral. The plant is also useful in treating brittle nails, skin issues, UTI, and excessive bleeding.


Jasmine is an aphrodisiac, but it offers more than that. It serves well to soothe indigestion, as well as treating menstrual cramps, uterine pain, fevers, and respiratory problems.

Juniper Berries are perfect for kidney, bladder and prostate problems, and they provide arthritic relief.


Kale is rich in antioxidants, vitamin C, polyphenols, and flavonoids. It also lowers cholesterol and helps fight against cancer.

Kava kava helps combat stress, reduce pain, and improve sleep and menopausal symptoms.


Lavender Flowers can cure a lack of appetite, as well as a toothache, flatulence, sprains and improve your oral health.

Lemon Balm, or bee balm or Melissa, can improve depression, weak attention spans and improve memory retention. It also provides relief for gas, indigestion and menstrual cramps.

Lemongrass (fever grass) can be just the thing to stop diarrhea, reduce fever, prevent acne and oily skin, and treat spasmodic bowels. It has also been used to treat vomiting.

Lemon or lime have benefits in their leaves and peels alike. They treat tissue damage and prevent certain cancers, such as skin cancer.

Linden/ lime blossoms provide a wealth of benefits from their bark, flowers, and leaves. Though people with low blood pressure should take caution when ingesting, the plant treats boils, colds, and swelling. It has been known to cleanse kidneys, stomach, and bladder.

Licorice is a flavor that can be a hit or a miss, however, it has powerful properties. The roots treat congestion, coughing and liver detoxification.


Marijuana has a plethora of health benefits and is effective in treating certain cancers.

Marshmallow is an effective treatment for cuts, wounds, burns, and whooping cough, as well as respiratory issues.

Meadowsweet can be used to treat arthritis and rheumatic conditions and pains, common cold, fever, and heartburn.

Milk Thistle is effective in treating liver disorders, protects against mushroom poisoning, increases appetite, and eases gallbladder issues.

Mint leaves are wonderful digestive aids. They treat itching and provides decongestant properties.

Motherwort has been used to treat conditions associated with the heart, hyperthyroidism, and symptoms associated with worry and panic attacks.

Moringa is rich in various flavonoids, reduces high blood pressure, lowers cholesterol, and is a natural energy-booster.

Mullein herb can be used to treat swollen joints, and calm lung or chest problems.


Neem has very strong antibacterial and antimicrobial properties and may be used to treat stomach ulcers, malaria, and a number of skin issues.

Nettle leaves are known to relieve hay fever, as well as leg cramps and aches. It provides digestive aid and serves as a hair thickener.

Nutmeg seeds, or the nut itself, is a great stimulant for your digestive system and has been shown to reduce gas.


Osmanthus flowers are amazing for the kidneys and relieve sore/scratchy throats.


Parsley contains anti-inflammatory and cancer-fighting properties, is a natural diuretic, and full of vitamins and minerals.

Passionflower leaves soothe anxiety, nervous disorders, insomnia, and spasms.

Peppermint leaves clean out your bowels and strengthen the system. It combats halitosis and fends off indigestion.


Raspberry leaves are perfect for pregnant women. It provides folic acids and iron, as well as relieves morning sickness. It can strengthen your pelvic muscles, too.

Red Clover flowers were used by Native Americans to purify blood during labor and pregnancy. It balances blood sugar levels, lowers menopausal troubles, treats skin problems and reduces respiratory issues.

Rooibos leaves and bark provide relief from insomnia and anxiety, as well as colds, colic, and diarrhea.

Rose flowers reduce depression, anxiety, and menopausal and gynecological problems. It treats the common cold and can aid in weight management and skin toning.

Rosehips are the berries, and they fight colds, bladder issues, and infections. They are packed with vitamins A and C.

Rosemary leaves cure indigestion, colds, dandruff, and fatigue.


Safflower leaves treat upset stomach, reduce fevers, lessens menstruation problems and prevents body warming.

Sage leaves improve your memory and provide digestive help for particularly fat-filled foods.

Saw Palmetto is often used to support sexual health, kidney and prostate health.

Slippery Elm is used to treat tooth pain, UTI, inflammation and cuts, and wounds.

Strawberries, as well as wild strawberries, work wonders when it comes to strengthening and toning your pelvic muscles.

St. John’s Wort treats indigestion, bladder, congestion, and depression.


Tea tree is applied externally to treat ear, fungal, and vaginal infections.

Thyme leaves provide relief for chest infections, sore throats, upset stomachs, and insect bites.

Turmeric is an effective remedy for multiple ailments and prevents the growth of cancer cells.


Uva Ursi is effective in treating lower urinary tract inflammation, diarrhea, and E.coli bacteria.


Valerian roots are a great form of natural tranquilizer. They ease muscle cramping and lower anxiety. If taken in too large a dose, you may experience blurry vision and headaches.


Wheatgrass is a nutrient powerhouse. It oxygenates the body, strengthens the bones, and helps fight cancer.

Wild Chrysanthemum flowers are effective in lowering blood pressure and cholesterol. It also treats infection, tired eyes, sore throat, and dizziness.

Wintersweet flowers, otherwise known as La Mei Hua, treat bad breath and red eyes. It provides relief for topic skin conditions, like allergies and eczema.

Wormwood is effective in treating worms (parasites) within the body and many digestive issues.


Yarrow flowers relieve common colds, hypertension, dysentery, amenorrhea, fevers, and diarrhea. It has been known to regulate menstrual cycles, as well as reduce cramps and heavy bleeding.

Yohimbe helps to improve circulation and boost energy levels, aids weight loss and improves sexual health.

Of course, there are many other herbs, especially wild ones, not mentioned on this list. We are asking your kind support as we make amendments—please tell us about other herbs you might know of with health benefits, and we will be sure to add them. Share your knowledge and help spread the love!


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