Diabetes is a chronic disease that causes your blood sugar levels to be higher than normal. Diabetes is a very serious health complication yet it’s very common to most people. How can you really tell if you have diabetes? Diabetes has a variety of symptoms some of which can be detected early. However, if you’re not keen, it can take a while for you to recognize them. The common types of diabetes include:
- Type 1 diabetes.
- Type 2 diabetes.
- Gestational diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition that stops the pancreas from making insulin (a hormone that allows your body to obtain energy from the food you consume). Type 1 diabetes symptoms can appear within a week or several days after infection. Additionally, this condition can be more severe if no action is taken to control it.
If you have type 2 diabetes, your body doesn’t use the available insulin properly. It can also be termed as insulin resistant. This is the most common type of diabetes and it can cause serious health complications. It’s important to be aware of the early symptoms and seek medical intervention to prevent future complications. On the other hand, gestational diabetes is common in pregnant women but often goes away after childbirth. Despite this, there’s a greater chance of the mother developing type 2 diabetes later in life. To avoid such a scenario, it’s important to treat any kind of diabetes immediately the symptoms appear. Below are the early common symptoms of diabetes to look out for.
Increased Hunger and Fatigue
This happens when your body doesn’t make enough or any insulin at all or the cell resists the insulin produced. In that case, no glucose will be passed to the cell which contributes to the hunger pangs and tiredness.
Frequent Urination and Excessive Thirst
It’s the role of your body to reabsorb glucose as it passes through the kidney. However, when there is extra glucose in the blood, the kidney has to get rid of all the glucose in form of pee, hence the need to use the bathroom more often. This results in excessive thirst which means your body needs to restore the lost fluid. You can also increase your fruits consumption like watermelon which contains water naturally.
Extreme Weight Loss
When there is no insulin to take glucose to the cells, your body begins to think that it’s starving. As a result, it starts to break down protein from the muscles in search of energy. This kind of weight loss is caused by high blood levels and it isn’t healthy for your body.
The change in blood sugar levels in your body can cause glucose to build up in the eye. This affects your eye focus and temporarily distorting its shape. This is common in the early stage of diabetes.
Skin Conditions and Dry Mouth
Due to dehydration, your skin could become itchy and dry. Due to the frequent peeing your body loses a lot of fluid which contributes to the dryness since it doesn’t have enough moisture for the other parts. This is a major warning sign of diabetes and can be easy to detect as opposed to others.
Yeast infection can be caused by several factors. But this particular yeast infection results from yeast feeding on glucose in the body. It can affect both men and women.
Slow Healing Cuts or Wounds
The excessive amounts of glucose traveling through the veins and arteries can cause damages to them. If that’s the case, it becomes hard for platelets (blood cells needed for clotting) to travel to different parts of the body. You need to see a doctor if your cuts and wounds take a longer time to heal since there’s a high chance you have diabetes.
In case you experience any of the above warning signs and symptoms, you need to see a medical practitioner for the required tests. Children also develop the same symptoms as adults. However, it’s not necessarily that if you have the mentioned symptoms you’re suffering from diabetes. But even if you do you can still live a full life. Diabetes has no cure but with good planning and management, you can withstand it and stay healthy. Diabetes requires regular exercise, the right diet, and medication. People with type 2 diabetes can also take steps to reduce their body mass index (BMI), therefore eliminating the need for medication.